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Immunologic aspect of testicular torsion: detection of antisperm antibodies in contralateral testicle.
睾丸扭转的免疫方面: 对侧睾丸中抗精子抗体的检测。

摘要

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the immunologic etiology in unilateral testicular torsion, an experimental study in rats was carried out.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:75 adult Wistar rats included in the study program were divided into six different groups according to a torsion-detorsion procedure. Torsion degree was kept constant for all animals (720 degrees ). Anti-rat immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against spermatozoa antigens were identified in contralateral testicular tissue after 1 month following detorsion and/or orchiectomy of the twisted testicle.
RESULTS:We revealed antibody formation in animals subjected to unilateral torsion for 12 and 24 h, which then followed by detorsion of the testicle. IgG was identified especially on basal membrane of the tubules.
CONCLUSIONS:As the controversy on the exact mechanism of testicular damage in unilateral torsion still continues, our findings showed that a possible immunological etiology may play an important role in this respect.

译文

目的: 为了评价单侧睾丸扭转的免疫学病因,对大鼠进行了实验研究。
材料和方法: 75 只成年的 Wistar 大鼠,包括在研究项目中,根据扭转复位程序被分成六个不同的组。所有动物的扭转程度保持不变 (720 度)。在扭转睾丸切除和/或睾丸切除术后 1 个月,在对侧睾丸组织中鉴定出抗大鼠免疫球蛋白 G (IgG) 抗体。
结果: 我们发现在动物遭受单侧扭转 12 和 24 小时后,抗体形成,随后睾丸脱落。尤其是在小管的基底膜上发现了 IgG。
结论: 随着关于单侧扭转睾丸损伤确切机制的争议仍在继续,我们的发现表明,可能的免疫学病因可能在这方面发挥重要作用。

Testicular torsion

儿科 生殖系统疾病 疾病
概述  :  

睾丸扭转是常见的阴囊急症,指支配睾丸的精索发生扭曲,扭转,进而阻断睾丸的血液供应。患者出现突然和严重的阴囊疼痛,受影响的睾丸肿大,触痛明显。在新生儿中,疼痛常表现不明显,但阴囊的肤色和睾丸的位置会出现改变。 临床特点   既往可能有急性阴囊疼痛发作史,特点是“戏剧性”急骤发作,自然缓解。患侧睾丸疼痛,常在睡眠时或剧烈运动后发生,初为隐痛,很快转为剧痛。一般无发热或略有低热,或有轻度白细胞增多。睾丸扭转左侧患病占73%

testicular 英 /te'stikjulə/  美 /teˈstɪkjələr/

释义    adj. [解剖] 睾丸的;睾丸状的

例句    The elongation of testicular appendages possibly accounts for the higher incidence oftorsion in children older than 8 years of age.短蒂附件向长蒂附件转化可能是8 岁以上儿童易发生附件扭转的原因之一。

 

torsion 英 /ˈtɔːʃn/  美 /ˈtɔːrʃn/

释义    n. 扭转,扭曲;转矩,[力] 扭力

例句    Color doppler ultrasound is the first choice in assistant diagnosis of testicular torsion.Earlier diagnosis and operations research could improve the testicular survival rate.彩色多普勒超声检查是诊断睾丸扭转的首选辅助检查,早期诊断及手术探查可以提高睾丸的存活率。

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