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临床Effect of the extracellular component of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells from healthy donors on hematologic neoplasms and their angiogenesis. 复制标题

  • 影响因子:2.15
  • 期刊:Human cell
  • 发表时间:2020-07-01
  • DOI:10.1007/s13577-020-00332-y 复制DOI

研究方向

血液肿瘤

:Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) from healthy donors are a promising source of cell therapy. However, their effectiveness in cancer remains less known. This study is the first to evaluate the quality of BM-MSCs obtained from young and elderly healthy volunteers (KNT cells). The KNT cells had normal karyotypes and were positive for MSC markers (CD90, CD73, CD105). When cultured under appropriate conditions, they showed adipogenic or osteogenic potential. Hence, the anti-neoplastic effects of secretory factors [supernatant or extracellular vesicles (EV)] from KNT cells were verified using several neoplastic cells (three multiple myeloma, three myeloid leukemia, and three lymphoma cell lines). The conditioned medium (CM), but not EV, of KNT cells derived from young healthy donors significantly inhibited myeloma and lymphoma cell proliferation, but enhanced myeloid leukemia proliferation. Anti-angiogenesis effect of CM and EV derived from young KNT against hematologic neoplasia-induced angiogenesis was evident and more prominent in CM than in EV but not evident in elderly KNT-derived EV. These findings indicate that the anti-tumor effect of KNT cells depends on the types of hematologic neoplasia, with elements existing in the supernatant and not in EVs. Therefore, BM-MSC may produce soluble factors that affect cell proliferation of neoplasia, causing cell-to-cell communication. The anti-angiogenesis effect of KNT cells depends on the age of BM-MSC donors.