BACKGROUND:Posaconazole (PCZ) is a triazole approved for prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections.
OBJECTIVES:Herein, the impact of clinical variables on PCZ plasma concentrations (PPCs) attained with PCZ delayed-release tablet (DRT) was investigated and compared with a historical cohort treated with PCZ oral suspension (OS).
PATIENTS/METHODS:Steady-state PCZ PPCs in 513 patients with haematologic malignancy treated with PCZ-DRT were assessed and impact of variables were analysed. Also, a comparison with matched historical cohort treated with PCZ-OS was made.
RESULTS:The median PPC in the PCZ-DRT group was 1,308.9 ng/mL (range: 29.8-10 455.9). Use of proton pump inhibitor (1181 vs 1344 ng/mL, P = .0337) in the AML/myelodysplastic syndrome remission induction group, diarrhoea (867 vs 1543 ng/mL, P = .0325) and gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (870 vs 1713 ng/mL, P = .0178) in the HSCT group were associated with lower PPCs. There was lack of evidence that hepatotoxicity was related with PCZ-DRT. Higher prevalence of UGT1A4*3 allele (33.0%) was noted compared to allele frequency in Koreans in those with PPCs < 500 mg/mL. The median PPC in the PCZ-DRT group was significantly higher than that in the PCZ-OS group (1308.9 vs 713.0 ng/mL, P < .0001). Significantly less patients had PPCs < 700 ng/mL in the PCZ-DRT group compared to the PCZ-OS group (18.7% vs 48.0%, P < .0001).
CONCLUSIONS:Our study demonstrates that PCZ-DRT has enhanced absorption and bioavailability than PCZ-OS in real-world clinical settings. In addition, specific factors associated with lower PPCs should prompt consideration of therapeutic drug monitoring in patients treated with PCZ-DRT.