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临床High prevalence of peribronchial focal lesions of airway invasive aspergillosis in hematological cancer patients with prolonged neutropenia. 复制标题

  • 影响因子:2.12
  • 期刊:The British journal of radiology
  • 发表时间:2020-09-01
  • DOI:10.1259/bjr.20190693 复制DOI

研究方向

血液肿瘤

OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study is to characterize chest CT findings of neutropenic patients with proven/probable invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). METHODS:Hematological cancer patients admitted to our institution (2007-2017) were retrospectively enrolled if the diagnostic criteria of proven/probable IPA during the neutropenia were met (EORTC/MSG). Galactomannan (GM) was routinely measured in serum and chest CT-scan was routinely performed in case of recurrent/persistent fever. Bronchoscopy was performed in case of chest CT-scan abnormalities. Chest CT-scan and GM dosage were analyzed at the time of IPA suspicion. Chest lesions were classified using a clinical report form by two expert radiologists. RESULTS:35 patients were identified. Peribronchial focal lesions were observed in 29 IPA (82.9%) by the first radiologist and in 31 (88.5%) by the second (k = 0.768). 12 weeks mortality was 20%. CONCLUSION:Peribronchial focal lesions are a common finding in early-IPA whatever the GM value during neutropenia and our findings reinforce the efficiency of a preemptive approach. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE;:Peribronchial focal lesions, which are classically described in airway invasive aspergillosis, are a common finding in early-IPA in hematological cancer patients with prolonged neutropenia regardless of the GM value, and such peribronchial lesions should reinforce the possibility of IPA.