:Introduction.Bacillus cereus harbouring Ba813, a specific chromosomal marker of Bacillus anthtacis, is found in patients with severe manifestations and causes nosocomial outbreaks.Aim. We assessed the genetic characteristics and virulence of Ba813(+) B. cereus in a hospital setting.Methodology. Three neutropenic patients with haematological malignancy developed B. cereus bacteraemia within a short period. Fifteen B. cereus were isolated from different sites in a haematology ward. A total of 18 isolates were evaluated for Ba813- and B. anthracis-related virulence, food poisoning-related virulence, genetic diversity, bacteria motility and biofilm formation.Results.Ba813(+) B. cereus was detected in 33 % (1/3) of patients and 66 % (9/15) of the hospital environment. The 18 strains were divided into 2 major clusters (clade 1 and clade 2), and 14 strains were classified into clade 1. All Ba813(+) strains, including four sequence types, were classified into clade 1/the cereus III lineage, which is most closely related to the anthracis lineage. Two strains belonging to clade 1/non-cereus III carried the B. anthracis-associated cap gene, but not Ba813. B. cereus, including Ba813(+) strains, had significantly lower prevalence of enterotoxin genes than clade 2 strains. In clade 1, B. cereus, Ba813(+) strains showed significantly higher swimming motility and biofilm formation ability than Ba813(-) strains.Conclusion.Ba813(+) B. cereus, which are genetically closely related to B. anthracis, were abundant in a haematological ward. Ba813(+) B. cereus with high motility and biofilm formation abilities may spread easily in hospital environments, and could become a hospital-acquired infection.